- National pilgrimage into Persin Island - Belene
type: anniversary location: Bulgaria (Belene)
The Belene Concentration Camp was established on the 27th April, 1949. The Communist government took the decision to create a Labour Education Hostel (LEH) and the Ministry of the Interior was given the responsibility for establishing the camp on the Danube island Persin. The opponents of the communist dictatorship were forced to live in inhuman conditions – daily physical labour, intolerable demands and under constant armed guard. They were forced to live in bunkers and huts which they built themselves with whatever materials they could find. Hunger was the most terrible thing they were subject to. Tens of thousands of prisoners passed through the camps. After the collapse of the communist regime in Bulgaria, in 1989, Belene became a site for remembrance of the victims of the prison camps during the BCP government. On the 7th June, 1990, the first organised pilgrimage to the Second Site on Persin Island took place at the initiative of the Club of the Repressed. The pilgrimage turned into a rally. Thousands of people from all over the country took part, including many former prisoners and representatives of the political opposition. Every following year at the end of May an annual pilgrimage to the site of the former Second Camp is held.http://bosilkov.com/en
- Arrest of Jonas Žemaitis-Vytautas
30 May 1953 marks the unofficial end of the Lithuanian armed resistance. It is the day of arrest of the chairman of the Union of Lithuanian Freedom Fighters (LLKS), Jonas Žemaitis-Vytautas.
- Day of Hungarian Heroes
type: anniversary location: Hungary (-)
Day of Hungarian Heroes is celebrated annualy, on the last Sunday of May. The holiday was declared in 1925, cancelled under the Soviet influence after the Second World War and restored in 1989. The main celebrations take place at the Heroes' Square (Hősök tere) in Budapest.
- Protest in Pilsen
Violent street protests against currency reform and the politics of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia take place in Pilsen, Czechoslovakia on 1 June 1953.
- Ion Antonescu's execution
On 1 June 1946 Ion Antonescu, Romania's dictator between 6 September 1940 and 23 August 1944, is executed by a military firing squad. Antonescu had undergone a Nuremberg-style trial as a war criminal and had been sentenced to death.
- Day of Sąjūdis
On 3 June 1988 the Reform Movement of Lithuania, known as Sąjūdis (Lithuanian for movement), is found in Vilnius. Soon, it orgnanises large peaceful demonstrations and wins the free elections to the Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union.